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Parts of a table saw

Parts of a table saw. One of the most common kinds of power saws is a table saw. This powerful tool is found in most carpenters’ shops, and it is popular because it helps them cut straight and even lines.

Although the table saw can help nearly anyone, it comes with different parts that can make it confusing to know how to operate.

So if you’re among those who are mystified by this particular machine, then continue reading to learn more about the different components of a table saw so you too can use this vital piece of hardware safely and correctly.

Parts of a table saw

different parts of a table saw

Power saws are utilized in virtually all kinds of construction, most commonly among trade businesses.

The table saw may be the most common type of power saw in the workshop or garage, and there are many different factors that can make it one of the most confusing tools to work with.

In an effort to reduce unnecessary confusion, we’ve put together this guide which details exactly how they work and what you’ll need to know to start using them today!

Table Top

Table Top

This is the part of the table saw where one sets the material they wish to cut while it’s being fed into the blade.

The tabletop is a part that shouldn’t be neglected because its straightness will affect how precise the cut is.

Usually, this part comes in separate pieces, and all these pieces fit together quite nicely. There’s what we think is majorly unique about this part – or, perhaps we should say majorly cliché of it.

It happens to be in alternating colors; black where most of us usually find our wooden blades because this is a steel-framed machine, then white for obvious aesthetic reasons and lastly for that extra touch, chrome coming in as that third color which pulls everything together.



Many people are aware that the blade is the most crucial part of the table saw. It’s why they need to make sure they have the right type and size, especially if they will be working with different materials.

One has to make sure it won’t damage the power tool or even harm themselves by using blades that aren’t made for their specific table saw.

Other aspects to consider when choosing a sword is whether there are rusting issues based on what material is used, as well as how many teeth there happen to be.

Also, how deep they happen to be set into the blade so you’ll have an idea of what exactly you can expect from each type of blade available.

Throat Plate

Throat PlateThroat plates are protective covers on the blade of a table saw, and they come in handy when you need to remove and re-install the blade.

This guard typically consists of an overly broad slot, ranging from 10 – 20 mm. The plate is often made of metal and comes with multiple holes that allow you to tip it in whatever direction you like.

Entry-level models are often made of plastic but tend to be too delicate to endure real-life situations. So pay attention when buying one.


This is the small center rod that holds and rotates the saw blade, and it determines what size saw blade can be used on your table saw.

The sizes of these arbors are usually adjustable, but since most American stationary table saws use a 10-inch knife, the standard ⅝ inch arbor size works fine.

Aside from ⅝ inch, another standard diameter for an arbor is 1-inch in size. Larger table saws may have pavilions that are bigger in diameter than 1-inch.

Miter Gauge

Miter Gauge

This is a protractor-shaped part of the tool that measures and adjusts the angle at which the saw cuts, using the grooves on either side made conveniently to hold wood.

It has a rail designated for holding wood firmly on top to cut precisely along the edges. It can be used in conjunction with a fence, where you can place your pieces while cutting them on your table saw.

Blade Guard

This is a plastic or metal cover found on top of the blade. This safety feature on a table saw is designed to protect the user during a cutting motion but only protects you from being cut by the top of the blade.

If you remove the blade arbor yourself, it doesn’t stop you from cutting your fingers off. There are also blade guards with tool-less removal for convenient and easy changing of the blades.

Dust Collection Port

Dust Collection Port

Any feature designed to remove sawdust from the blade guard can be called a dust collection port. In general, the dust collection port is an integrated addition to the blade guard.

It is located on top of the blade guard and in line with the cutting path as a portal for attaching a vac hose to vacuum up sawdust while woodworking.

While it may sound like a convenient addition, it’s essential to consider this feature’s usefulness.


A stand is commonly found in smaller table saws and benchtop table saws. This element allows you to mount your tool onto the housing of the power tool.

With this piece, users can move their table saw around and keep it at a raised height, making it convenient and accessible for all users at whatever level they are most comfortable at when working on their project or hobby.

When looking to purchase a stand for your machine, be sure that it has enough “legs” so that your table saw can remain stable whether you’re sitting down or standing up while using it.

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